10 Dog Breeds Prone to Seizures

Witnessing your beloved pet experience a seizure is a distressing and frightening experience for any pet parent. While seizures can affect any dog regardless of breed, understanding the predispositions of specific breeds can empower pet parents to provide the best possible care for their furry companions.

Seizures in dogs are not uncommon. In fact, it’s estimated that up to 5 percent of all dogs may experience seizures at some point in their lives (1). While the exact causes of seizures can vary, certain breeds are known to have a higher prevalence of this neurological disorder. 

In this article, we will discuss which dog breeds are prone to seizures, shedding light on why certain breeds are more susceptible to this condition than others, and provide practical care tips for dog breeds prone to seizures.

10 Dog Breeds Prone to Seizures

Several factors can contribute to a dog’s likelihood of experiencing seizures. While genetics and breed predispositions play a significant role, other factors such as environmental influences, underlying health conditions, and trauma can contribute to the development of seizures in dogs. Generally, smaller breeds tend to be more predisposed to certain types of seizures, while larger breeds may be prone to others. While seizures can affect dogs of any breed, some breeds are more commonly associated with this condition. Let’s take a closer look at a few breeds known to be prone to seizures (2, 3):

Australian Shepherds

Known for their intelligence and agility, Australian Shepherds are unfortunately predisposed to seizures. While the exact cause of this susceptibility is not fully understood, genetic factors likely play a significant role.

Border Collies

Another highly intelligent breed, Border Collies are also prone to seizures. Their high energy levels and hereditary factors may contribute to their increased risk of experiencing seizures.

Retrievers

Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers are beloved family pets, but they are also among the breeds prone to seizures. While these breeds are generally healthy, they may be predisposed to certain neurological conditions that can lead to seizures.

Boxers

Boxers are known for their boundless energy and playful nature, but they are also predisposed to seizures. Genetic factors and certain health conditions may contribute to their increased risk of experiencing seizures.

Dachshunds

Known for their distinctive elongated bodies, Dachshunds are susceptible to various health issues, including seizures. Genetic factors and chondrodystrophy, a cartilage disorder, may contribute to their increased risk of seizures.

Boston Terriers

With their affectionate and lively personalities, Boston Terriers are popular companions. However, they are also prone to seizures, which may be linked to genetic predispositions and certain health conditions.

Beagles

Beagles, known for their keen sense of smell and friendly demeanor, are also among the breeds prone to seizures. While the exact reasons for their susceptibility are not fully understood, genetic factors are believed to play a significant role.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

These charming and affectionate dogs are beloved companions, but they are also prone to seizures. Genetic factors, particularly related to their skull structure, may contribute to Cavalier King Charles Spaniels’ susceptibility to seizures.

Border Terriers

Border Terriers, known for their adventurous spirit and tenacity, may also be prone to seizures. While the exact reasons for their susceptibility are not fully understood, genetic factors and certain health conditions may play a role.

Poodles

Poodles are intelligent and versatile dogs. Unfortunately, they are also prone to seizures, which may be associated with genetic predispositions and certain health conditions. Miniature and Toy Poodles are more likely to experience seizures than Standard poodles, but all poodles are prone to seizures. 

While the aforementioned breeds are commonly associated with seizures, it’s important to note that seizures can occur in any dog, regardless of breed. If you suspect that your dog may be experiencing seizures, it’s essential to seek prompt veterinary care for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Try to capture the incident on video, as this is the best way for your veterinary team to truly decipher if the event was seizure activity or something different.

Care Tips for Dog Breeds Prone to Seizures

Caring for a dog prone to seizures requires vigilance and proactive measures from pet parents. Here are some essential care tips to help manage seizures in susceptible breeds:

Monitor for warning signs. Familiarize yourself with the warning signs of seizures, such as uncontrolled shaking, loss of consciousness, and drooling. Keeping a journal of your dog’s seizure episodes can help track patterns and frequency, aiding in their management.

Regular veterinary check-ups. Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to monitor your dog’s overall health and discuss any concerns related to seizures. Your vet may recommend specific diagnostic tests or adjustments to your dog’s treatment plan based on their individual needs.

Medication management. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage seizures in dogs. Examples of commonly prescribed medications include phenobarbital, potassium bromide, and gabapentin. It’s essential to administer medications as directed by your veterinarian and to report any adverse reactions promptly.

Invest in a dog camera. Seizures can occur when you aren’t home. Investing in a dog camera, such as the Furbo, can be helpful in pet parents monitoring their canine companion’s seizure activity.  

Pet insurance. Considering the potential medical expenses associated with managing seizures in dogs, pet insurance can provide financial peace of mind. These options can help offset the costs of veterinary care, including diagnostic tests, medications, and emergency treatment.

In conclusion, understanding the predispositions of dog breeds prone to seizures and implementing proactive care strategies can help pet parents effectively manage this challenging condition. By staying informed, vigilant, and proactive, pet parents can provide their furry friends with the support and care they need to lead happy and healthy lives despite their predisposition to seizures.

References

  1. Rundfeldt, Chris et al. “Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of imepitoin in dogs with newly diagnosed epilepsy in a randomized controlled clinical study with long-term follow up.” BMC veterinary research vol. 11 228. 2 Sep. 2015, doi:10.1186/s12917-015-0548-9
  2. Erlen, Alexander et al. “Seizure occurrence in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK: prevalence and risk factors.” Journal of veterinary internal medicine vol. 32,5 (2018): 1665-1676. doi:10.1111/jvim.15290
  3. Beuchat, Carol. “Epilepsy incidence and mortality in 35 dog breeds.” The Institute of Canine Biology. Nov. 2014. Retrieved from

The post 10 Dog Breeds Prone to Seizures appeared first on Great Pet Care.