6 Dog Allergy Medications Prescribed By Vets

Apoquel tablets for dog allergies

If you are an allergy sufferer, you are probably well aware of the annoyance and misery that allergies can induce. Given the influence that allergies have on our lives, it’s only pure to ponder about allergy symptoms in dogs. Do puppies develop allergic reactions like we do? If so, how can these allergy symptoms be managed? Read through on to learn far more about canine allergic reactions and doggy allergy prescription drugs.

Well-liked Allergy Medicines for Canines

  • Apoquel
  • Atopica
  • Cyclavance
  • Prednisone
  • Hydroxyzine
  • Clemastine

Do Dogs Get Allergic reactions?

Allergic reactions are a relatively popular difficulty in canine, just like in people. Puppies can be allergic to some of the similar substances that trigger allergic reactions in persons. 

Where we differ, while, is in the outcomes of frequent allergies. While human beings are likely to get a runny nose and watery eyes when we’re suffering from allergies, our canine companions are likely to develop itchy pores and skin and ear bacterial infections.

There are three common triggers of skin allergy symptoms in puppies:

Environmental allergies: Like individuals, dogs can come to be allergic to inhaled allergens, this sort of as dust, dander, and the pollens produced by trees, weeds, and grasses. Allergies to inhaled environmental allergens, also recognized as atopic dermatitis, are believed to impact 10-15 % of dogs. Affected canine normally practical experience seasonal itching and irritation of the skin.

Food stuff allergic reactions: An believed 1-2 percent of canines are impacted by some form of foodstuff allergy. In these dogs, feeding on a distinct food merchandise will set off an allergic response influencing the pores and skin and ears. The most prevalent meals allergens in pet dogs include beef, rooster, eggs, and dairy.   

Flea allergy: Fleas are a nuisance to any dog, but some pet dogs are specially delicate to proteins identified in the flea’s saliva. In these puppies, just 1 or two flea bites may be adequate to set off a prevalent skin response. Thankfully, symptoms of flea allergy dermatitis can be prevented via the normal use of flea prevention.

Each form of canine allergic reactions necessitates a special tactic to prognosis and treatment method. Right after deciding the fundamental trigger of your dog’s allergic reactions, your veterinarian may possibly prescribe pet allergy medicines as a part of your dog’s shorter-phrase or extended-phrase cure.

Why Your Vet Could possibly Propose a Prescription Puppy Allergy Medicine

In a best entire world, we could prevent symptoms of allergies in our puppies by steering clear of allergens. In fact, nevertheless, that is not often possible. Food allergy symptoms and flea allergic reactions may perhaps be preventable, but there is no way to wholly shield your puppy from pollen, dust, cat dander, or even human dander, all of which can serve as potential environmental allergens. For that reason, allergy medication for canine generally performs a position in therapy.

Some canines, with incredibly mild allergies, can be managed with around-the-counter allergy medicines like Benadryl or Zyrtec. Sad to say, about-the-counter antihistamines are not really solid, and they are inadequate to give substantial reduction for a lot of canines with allergic reactions. Thus, veterinarians frequently endorse prescription allergy capsules for dogs to assist handle their allergies and make them additional snug.

6 Prescription Doggy Allergy symptoms Medications 

Veterinarians use a selection of applications in the administration of allergic dermatitis. Relying on your dog’s allergy symptoms, your cure system could involve parasite preventives, prescription diets, injections, medicated pet shampoo for pores and skin allergy symptoms, and other therapies. In several conditions, prescription canine allergy medicine performs a job in the management of allergic reactions. 

These 5 allergy medications for puppies are frequently recommended by veterinarians to take care of allergy signs or symptoms in canine.


Apoquel (oclacitinib) for canine is a additional latest advancement in the combat against canine allergies. Launched in 2014, it is now a normally-approved treatment for pet dogs with allergy symptoms. Apoquel is effective by blocking the generation of cytokines, chemical alerts that direct to itchy and inflamed pores and skin. Dogs are normally commenced on a 2 times-day by day dose (to tranquil the allergic reaction), and then are tapered to the moment-every day dosing for lengthy-time period routine maintenance.

This drug gives several of the added benefits of other prescription drugs like prednisone/prednisolone and cyclosporine, with an even lower threat of side consequences. In comparison to around-the-counter antihistamines like Zyrtec, Apoquel might be additional successful at managing critical and long-term allergic reactions in pet dogs.


  • Rapid onset
  • Very low danger of facet consequences
  • Acts only on the skin – does not suppress the immune process


  • Can be pricey, compared to other choices
  • No generic form obtainable
  • Does not function for every single pet


Atopica for dog allergies

Atopica for canines is out there in capsule form. The active component is cyclosporine, which was introduced as a treatment for pet allergic reactions in 2003. This drug was meant to supply the positive aspects of prednisone/prednisolone, with a lower chance of limited-expression and prolonged-expression aspect results. Some canines encounter gastrointestinal facet consequences with cyclosporine, when practically all puppies experience some amount of aspect outcomes with prednisone/prednisolone.


  • Less facet results than prednisone and prednisolone
  • Offered for pet dogs 4 pounds and in excess of
  • Offered in 15-count, 30-rely, 45-depend, and 60-count deals


  • Slower onset of reduction than prednisone and prednisolone
  • May perhaps suppress the immune procedure, particularly at increased doses
  • Canine could encounter gastrointestinal facet results (vomiting, diarrhea) 


Cyclavance for dog allergies

Cyclavance is another cyclosporine selection for treating allergic reactions in puppies. As opposed to Atopica, Cyclavance is an oral alternative that can be specified to dogs with a syringe. This could make dosing less complicated for puppies that have issues getting drugs. Cyclavance has the same benefits and aspect effects of Atopica, but it is a a lot more affordable therapy option. 


  • Fairly low-cost
  • Liquid variety may make dosing easier


  • Same negatives (immune system suppression and GI aspect consequences) as Atopica


Prednisone tablet for dog allergies

Prednisone and prednisolone have very long been employed to handle allergic reactions in a range of species. These two intently relevant medication (prednisone is metabolized to prednisolone in the physique) suppress the immune method, efficiently running allergic reactions. 

Though these medications are very productive, they can have a quantity of side results. Veterinarians may possibly use them for shorter-expression aid in really itchy canines, but they are not typically recommended for prolonged-term use.


  • Quick onset of relief
  • Proficiently manage itch and swelling in pretty much every single pet, in particular at better doses


  • Facet results are common: increased thirst/urination, panting, starvation, lethargy
  • Suppress the immune technique
  • Lengthy-time period use related with sizeable health and fitness concerns, including skin disease, delayed wound healing, muscle weak point, urinary tract infections, fungal bacterial infections, diabetes, and Cushing’s ailment


Hydroxyzine for dog allergies

Not each and every puppy requirements a robust medicine like prednisone/prednisolone, cyclosporine, or Apoquel. In some cases, an antihistamine by itself is ample to handle itching. Antihistamines for canines do the job by counteracting the exercise of histamine, an inflammatory chemical unveiled in allergic reactions. Hydroxyzine is a usually-utilized, prescription-toughness antihistamine in veterinary medicine. This drug is equivalent to Benadryl in its actions, but it can be more efficient for quite a few animals.


  • Immediate onset
  • Very low threat of side results
  • Affordable


  • Does not operate for each pet
  • Should be repeated each individual 6 – 8 hrs
  • May possibly cause sedation


Clemastine for dog dog allergies

Like hydroxyzine, clemastine is a prescription-strength antihistamine. It’s a lot more successful than Benadryl in quite a few cases of canine allergies, but not as helpful as extra specific prescription drugs. Nonetheless, many veterinarians advise this medication in the situation of gentle pores and skin allergies, thanks to its lower price and very low danger of side effects.


  • Is effective quickly to decrease itching
  • Small danger of facet effects
  • Economical


  • Is not powerful for each individual pet
  • Could cause sedation

There is no single ideal allergy medication for canines. As an alternative, the finest therapy for every individual doggy will rely on aspects precise to that pet. Demo and error of unique canine allergy prescription drugs is typically necessary to come across the finest possibility.

Dog Allergy Prescription drugs: Recommendations and Basic safety

Do not give any allergy medicines to your pet devoid of to start with consulting your veterinarian. Whilst some over-the-counter human allergy remedies are risk-free for pet dogs, your veterinarian is the very best supply of reliable information pertaining to dosing, facet effects, and no matter if a offered medicine may well be acceptable for your pet.

Talk to your veterinarian prior to combining remedies. If your pet dog is having over-the-counter remedies or prescription medication received from a different veterinarian, make sure that your veterinarian is mindful of this right before beginning a new prescription medication. Allergy medicines can interact with every single other, primary to an increased possibility of facet effects. Do not incorporate medicines until instructed to do so by your veterinarian.

Comply with your veterinarian’s recommendations requiring dosing. If a offered medicine is not productive, do not improve your dog’s dose with out initially getting in contact with your veterinarian. Overdosing your dog on allergy medication can have major impacts. If a presented medicine at a presented dose is not productive, that could imply that your puppy requirements a distinctive medication.

Ultimately, oral treatment by itself is not powerful for each individual allergy situation. In lots of instances, your veterinarian might suggest additional therapies, these kinds of as parasite prevention, medicated allergy shampoo for puppies, a hypoallergenic diet program, allergy testing, or adjunct treatment options (these kinds of as extensive-performing injections) either by itself or in addition to an oral medicine.

Allergy symptoms in puppies are managed, not cured. Your dog will likely need lifelong treatment method, except if you are in some way in a position to reduce all exposure to their allergens. For that reason, it is crucial to do the job intently with your veterinarian, collaborating to determine the most helpful cure protocol for your person canine.

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